The first initiative to establish a defence industry in Turkey dates back to the period of the Ottoman Empire. Standing strong up until the 17th century, defense industry couldn't keep up with the technological developments in Europe since the 18th century and totally lost its impact starting from World War 1. Thus, there was no significant defence industry infrastructure during the first years of the Republic and the endeavors were limited to the establishment of a few facilities near Ankara during the Independence War. Acknowledging that defence industry is a part of the overall industrialization and development, the government decided to support and guide defence industry during the first planning period. However despite some important ventures in ammunition, weaponry and aircraft production, a solid infrastructure could not be established due to adverse internal and external factors.